The Portuguese-speaking world includes countries on nearly every continent, from Asia to South America. Approximately 237 million people in the world speak Portuguese.
Portugal is the westernmost country within mainland Europe, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and Spain, with Lisbon as its capital city. It is a highly developed country, holding the 23rd highest quality of life title as of 2014 and known as one of the world’s most globalized and peaceful nations. Portugal has a diverse economy, ranging from agriculture to high-tech. Established in the 12th century, Portugal came to preside over a vast realm that had its roots in seafaring expeditions of the 1400’s. The current population is estimated at 10,587,333. Source: National Geographic and http://countrymeters.info/en/Portugal
Cabo Verde, officially known as the Republic of Cabo Verde, is a developing island country consisting of 10 volcanic islands with a warm climate and rich cultural heritage, located in an archipelago in the central Atlantic Ocean off the coast of West Africa. The population is estimated to be approximately 512,000 people by a 2013 official census, with a fourth of the citizens living in the capital city of Praia. The majority of Cabo Verde’s people speak Cabo Verdean Creole, with Portuguese being the official language taught in school. Source: World Population Review
Guinea-Bissau is a country located within West Africa with a rich history, as it was once part of the Gabu Kingdom as well as the Mali Empire. Its capital city, Bissau, was actually added to the country’s name in order to prevent confusion with the Republic of Guinea. This country gained independence from Portugal in 1974. Its current population is an estimated 1,693,398 people. Source: CIA, The World Factbook (July 2014 est.)
São Tomé / Príncipe
São Tomé/ Príncipe is the second smallest African country in addition to being the smallest Portuguese-speaking country, with approximately 200,000 people. It gained independence from Portugal on July 12, 1975. Located in the Gulf of Guinea, it’s composed of two archipelagos around the two main islands. Originally, the islands were part of a volcanic mountain range. Primary economic drivers are agriculture, fishing and small industry. Source: Encyclopedia Britannica.
Brazil is the largest country within the continent of South America as well as the region of Latin America. It is the largest Lusophone country in the world, with its capital in Brasília. As the fifth largest country in the world, Brazil is home to an extremely diverse population of more than 200 million spread between some of the world’s most populated cities as well as expansive rural areas with a great variety of wildlife, extensive natural resources and protected habitats. Source: World Population Statistics
Angola is a country in Southern Africa, bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of Congo on the north, Zambia on the east and the Atlantic Ocean on its west coast. The country is known for its rich mineral and petroleum reserves, with Luanda as the capital city. Angola’s population is estimated to be 24,383,301 according to the preliminary 2014 census results. Source: Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE), August 21, 2014
The Republic of Mozambique is found between South Africa and Tanzania and has a tropical to subtropical climate. This democratic developing country has a population of 23.4 million with an economy that is mainly dependent on agriculture. However, in recent years, there has been significant growth in the food and beverage, chemical manufacturing and petroleum production industries. The official language is Portuguese, but English is widely spoken. Mozambique gained independence from Portugal on June 25, 1975 and Maputo is the capital city. Source: High Commission of the Republic of Mozambique to the Republic of South Africa
Macau is one of the special administrative regions under the People’s Republic of China, located on the western side of the Pearl River Delta. Its economy relies heavily on tourism, gambling and the hospitality industries. Macau is the most densely populated part of the world with a current population of 587,914. It also has the world’s second highest life expectancy rate at birth, at an average of 84.46 years. Source: CIA, The World Factbook
East Timor is a mostly semi-arid and mountainous country located in Southeast Asia with a tropical climate. Dili serves as its biggest port in addition to being the capital city. Located on the eastern part of Timor, this small island nation bordered by Indonesia as an estimated population of 1,201,542. Source: The World Factbook